Location of Turkey as a Trade Hub
Turkey as a trade hub for Asia, Europe and Africa:
Location of Turkey as a country is ideal beacuse of its unique geographic positioning on the globe, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe. Throughout its history, it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents.
The country is located at the crossroads of the Balkans, Caucasus, Middle East, and the eastern Mediterranean. It is among the larger countries of the region in terms of territory and population, and its land area is greater than that of any European state. Nearly all of it is in Asia, comprising the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor—also known as Anatolia (Anadolu)—and, in the east, part of a mountainous region sometimes known as the Armenian Highland. The rest—Turkish Thrace (Trakya)—lies in the extreme southeastern part of Europe, a tiny remnant of an empire that once extended over much of the Balkans.
The country has a north-south extent that ranges from about 300 to 400 miles (480 to 640 km), and it stretches about 1,000 miles from west to east. Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria. The capital is Ankara, and its largest city and seaport is Istanbul.
The Marmara region is in both Europe and Asia and it comprises plains, low hills, and high mountains. The land is suitable for both farming and industry. The crops grown here include sunflower, tobacco, grapes, grains, and olives. Silk production is the main occupation in the area, being one of the most profitable –producing industries there. The land on the Aegean coast extending to central Anatolia is known as the Aegean region containing fertile plains, valleys and high mountains. The features of this land enable the growth of olive groves, fruit orchards, and sunflower and tobacco fields.
The Mediterranean area includes the land on the Mediterranean coast, the Taurus mountain range, and extending along the southern shore. The important agricultural products found here are citrus fruits, bananas, cotton, sesame, and vegetables. The high plateaus of the Taurus range provide excellent conditions for raising livestock and grains. The Black Sea region covers the land present on the Black Sea coast. Because of the helpful humid climate and fertile soil, the area is thickly vegetated. Hazelnut, corn, tobacco, and tea are the main agricultural products grown here and livestock is commonly raised by farmers supplying them with useful byproducts like butter and milk.
The vast plateau of central Anatolia is mainly characterized by hot dry summers, cold damp winters and unfertile soil. Still, agriculture is practiced here and grains and livestock are the main products. The Eastern Anatolia Region is the largest and mountainous area in Anatolia. The long and immensely cold winters give harsher and intolerable conditions for the people to live in. Only grains such as wheat and barley are grown here, and livestock farming is done in the northern part of this area. The southeastern Anatolia region consists of large unforested land with a dry climate. Except for the wide wasteland, agriculture is practiced in the irrigated basins and valleys. Large dams built over the two huge rivers of Euphrates and Tigris irrigates the area assisting the farmer. Grains, rice, grapes, and vegetables are the major products grown here that provide many benefits to the inhabitants. The Anatolian city of Ankara has also emerged as an important industrial and cultural center.
The significant geographical location of Turkey also gives it easy access to strategically important areas and major energy resources. Turkey also gives access to Asian states where military operations are needed to be carried out and so military bases can be built according to the will of the government. The natural position of Turkey provides a link from the West to the East. It bridges up the conflicts between the West and the East through the political influence and the trade routes it offers. People can conduct pipeline projects connecting the Asian and European states through this country due to its important location. Seeking aid and attracting western investors is not a problem for Turkey due to its short distances from those countries. The significant location of Turkey also allows it to have increased foreign export, making it one of the major economic forces in the international market.
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